Brain Injury Basics

ISTOCK IMAGE ID 29201310According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1.4 million Americans suffer a brain injury each year. There can be several types of brain injury, some of which are difficult to detect. Some mid-brain injuries can be misdiagnosed or not diagnosed at all. Below are common types and symptoms of brains injury, and how to proceed if you or someone you know suffers a brain injury.

You do not have to be in a severe accident to receive a brain injury. They can be caused by falling in the shower, contact sports, workplace injuries, and other ways. Other terms for brain injury can be “head injury,” “head trauma,” or “traumatic brain injury.” A brain injury is any injury mild or severe which causes a disruption to the brain’s normal functioning.

Common symptoms of brain injury in adults include:

  • persistent headache
  • inability to concentrate
  • dizziness
  • memory loss
  • fatigue or listlessness
  • changes in mood, behavior, or cognitive function, such as difficulty reading or speaking
  • nausea
  • blurred vision

A person who suffers from brain injury may lose consciousness after the brain injury, however it is not essential for the brain to be injured, Even a severe injury may not cause unconsciousness.

Symptoms can also be difficult to attribute to head trauma because they can appear gradually over time. It is common for there to be a delay between the accident and symptoms, especially in mid-brain injuries, which are often missed or misdiagnosed in an emergency room. A person may feel fine directly after the accident but get worse over time, which is why it is important to receive medical attention even if the accident or blow to the head seemed minor.

Brain injury symptoms in children can also be hard to detect. The CDC urges parents to have their children examined by a doctor after the child suffers any blow to the head, and to watch out for symptoms including:

  • vomiting
  • listlessness or tiredness
  • irritability
  • changes in eating patterns, sleep, play, or school performance
  • loss of interest in favorite toys or activities
  • loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • unsteady walking or trouble balancing

There are a few different common types of brain injury with different complications and levels of severity. Types include:

  • Concussion. A concussion is a common type of head trauma which is caused by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the brain. Concussions are common in contact sports like football and soccer; approximately 30 percent of football players suffer a concussion each season. Concussions can result in permanent brain damage.
  • “Closed” head injury. brain injury is harder to diagnose when they result from “closed” head injuries, such as whiplash. With these type of injuries, there is little visible damage to the head, but injury in the brain could still be severe.
  • Acquired brain injury.This type of injury does not occur from an external force like a blow to the head. It occurs when the brain cells are deprived of oxygen, such as in near-drowning accidents or exposure to toxic substances.

After any kind of suspected injury, you should always get medical attention. Brain injury can be difficult to notice in some cases, and it can have severe complications. Getting medical attention is also necessary if you are considering bringing a personal injury lawsuit for the brain injury,


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